Types of Air Conditioners

Central Air Conditioning

Central Air Conditioning

If you plan to cool your entire home, a central AC sytem is usually your best option. These systems are commonly split with a condenser outside of your home and a fan-and-coil system located inside. These pieces are then connected by pipes carrying refrigerant. The cool air is then distributed throughout your home via a series of ducts that are strategically placed to provide air flow as efficiently as possible.

Unfortunately, not every home is capable of having the ducts installed that is necessary for a central cooling system. In these cases, a split ductless system is typically a viable alternative.

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Split Ductless Systems

While central systems are almost always the best choice for those that want to cool an entire home, for those looking to cool portions of their home a split ductless system should be a strong consideration. The biggest difference between the two, as the name suggests, is that a split-ductless system will not need any ducts installed. However, you will still need connections for electricity, refrigerant lines, and condensate drains. All in all, these units are much simpler to install in a home. Keeping in mind, of course, that the amount of cooling will also be limited to certain areas.

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Split ductless air conditioner

Window AC Unit

Window Air Conditioner

These self-contained components (which are actually referred to as "unitary" AC systems) are commonly mounted in a window. Sometimes you will see them mounted in a hole in an outside wall. But adding holes in walls is not usually a very good idea, hence the name "window" units. These units have all the necessary refrigeration components housed in a single package for ease of installation.


Through-the-Wall Air Conditioners

These units are similar in design to window units. Thru-the-wall AC components are designed instead to be installed in a wall and use a chassis wall sleeve for support. With modern technology, smaller home versions can be mounted flush with a wall for a more pleasing appearance. Where these differ from window style components is in their housing design, weight, and in their cooling capacity. These units will usually weigh more and have a higher cooling capacity.

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Thru-the-wall air conditioner

Portable AC Unit

Portable Air Conditioners

Portable AC units are designed as self-contained mobile components. These air conditioning units will often be placed on the floor inside the room to be cooled and will discharge the resulting exhaust heat out a window via a hose vent. Portable units can be somewhat more noisy than others types and can be efficient options for rooms under 500 square feet in size.



TCS can provide, install, repair, and maintain any type of unit you may need.

If you have any questions on the differences between units and which one may be the best for YOUR situation, give us a call. One of our trained staff would be happy to answer any questions that you may have and make sure you get the perfect solution for your home and your budget.

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Member American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and AC Engineers

Member American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and AC Engineers


 Member Plumbing Heating Cooling Contractors Association

 Member Plumbing Heating Cooling Contractors Association